Brushing-stepsWhen you have braces, it is more important than ever to brush and floss regularly. Food and bacteria that collect around bands, brackets, and wires can cause stains and cavities, not to mention unpleasant odors, so be sure to keep your teeth clean! Brushing teeth with braces requires more time than brushing without braces. Be prepared to spend at least two minutes each time you brush.

  • Use a tooth brush with a small amount of toothpaste.
    Brush each surface of your tooth.
  • Use a circular motion around each tooth and gumline.
  • Brush each tooth slowly.
  • Brush your upper teeth down and your lower teeth up.
  • Also brush your tongue and the roof of your mouth.

To help keep your teeth and gums healthy, we also recommend that you see your regular dentist for a professional cleaning every 6 months. Patients who do not keep their teeth clean may require more frequent visits. Adult patients who have a history of gum disease should also see a periodontist during orthodontic treatment.

You should brush your teeth at least three times a day (after breakfast, after lunch or immediately when you arrive home at the end of the day, and before bedtime). In addition, we recommend a daily fluoride rinse (Phos-Flur®) to minimize the chance of decalcification (permanent white spots on the teeth in areas where plaque is not removed) or cavities. Other aids, such as an electric toothbrush (Sonicare®), Waterpik®, and small interdental (or proxa-) brushes should also be considered.

We also recommend that you use a proxabrush Proxabrushto clean difficult-to-reach areas around your wires, brackets, and bands. These brushes are especially helpful to remove food and plaque along the sides of the braces.


When you have braces, you should floss once a day. Flossing with braces is easier with the help of a floss threader or using SuperFloss®. Start by threading the floss under the archwire. Using a small section of floss, wrap one end around your left and the other end around your right index finger, and gently slide the floss between two teeth toward your gums. Wrap the floss tightly around the tooth on left side and move the floss up and down several times, making sure that the floss reaches the gumline. Wrap the floss around the tooth on the right side and do the same. Repeat these steps at all contact points between your teeth.

If you are not cleaning your teeth properly, you may notice one or more of the following:

  • Redness along the gumline
  • Swollen and puffy gums
  • Bleeding when brushing and flossing
  • Plaque (food and bacteria) around your brackets and near your gumline

By following these instructions for proper brushing and flossing, your teeth and gums will remain clean and healthy.